Diabetes Type 1

Juvenile diabetes

Previously known as Juvenile diabetes, this type of diabetes is diagnosed in children and young adults <40 years of age. 10% of all diabetics are type 1. It is an autoimmune condition in which the body attacks against its own insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is the hormone required for the proper utilization of glucose in our body. In type 1 diabetes, there is the total absence of insulin as a result of which glucose cannot be used by muscles and other cells of the body, excess glucose remains in the blood. Blood glucose level is high but the patient feels weak and tired as muscles cannot use this glucose. In type 1 diabetes, the only treatment option is insulin injections.


Family education: 

Whether it’s type I or type II diabetes exercise is an integral part of sugar control. However, some special precautions should be taken regarding exercise in type I diabetes. A balance should be given between insulin and physical activity, even there is minor physical activity. We recommend that patients get to guess what is the response of their sugar with exercise.

  • How is the drop in sugar
  • How much insulin should be given?
  • Avoid too much hypoglycemia.
  • Keep sweets with you during exercise.
  • There is a slight variation in response to exercise in different patients.
  • Avoiding hypoglycemia.

Before starting an exercise plan

  • Are you planning for light exercise or strenuous exercise?
  • How much insulting is injected?
  • What is the baseline sugar?
  • Be prepared to have hypoglycemia.
  • Check post-exercise glucose and forecast, how many drops in glucose with type and length of activity.
  • If your glucose is in the lower range( like 100-110 mg/dl) take some carbohydrate snake before starting exercise.

When to consult your doctor

  • If repeated episodes of hypoglycemia.
  • If you are not able to handle the blood glucose ie too high or too low.

Whto to do if sever hyperglycemia.

When you even think of exercise there is a slight rise in glucose. It’s due to body response and preparing the body for the exercise. It’s because of the release of stress hormones. Usually, there is a slight rise in blood glucose after exercise because there is a rise in stress hormones like adrenaline, cortisol, and growth hormone. But if there is hyperglycemia before the start of exercise, exercise should be avoided there is a danger of going into diabetic ketoacidosis, especially if ketones are already present in the urine. If you do not have ketones in your blood or urine and you feel well, it should be fine to exercise.

Whto to do if sever hyperglycemia.

Your health care providor give you adivce how to keep balance between insulin, food and type and exercise. Your health care provider give you advice regarding meal plan, insuling dosage and help you out hypoglycemia. Here in DIP were have professional doctors and dietion who have command in all these subjects.